dGen Automatons are a variation of cyclic cellular automata in two dimensions.

In the generative art context, dGen Automatons are an implementation of a discrete-time deterministic system where an integer based lattice changes state based on an algorithm which defines the neighborhood of a cell. The resulting images are exemplars of generative art.

To create generative variations, dGen Automatons implement six variables which effect the end artwork. These variables are:

The algorithm is used to determine how many cells surround a given cell with a value of the given cell plus 1. There are sixteen potential neighborhood algorithms includingMooreandVon Neumann, along with several custom algorithms.

The range variable scales the above neighborhood algorithm. Smaller values result in smaller neighborhoods and larger values in larger neighborhoods. There are 5 potential values for range.

Color palettes are hand designed to highlight the appealing aesthetics of dGen Automatons. There are 55 color palettes.

The threshold is used to calculate the value at which the neighborhood algorithm returns true. There are ten potential values.

States represent the number of integer values that can occur in the lattice. The number matches the number of colors available in the chosen color palette. There are seven potential values.

Iterations are the number of times the algorithm runs. There are 1800 potential values.

125/4000 of dGen Automatons are animated and show the complete algorithmic generation process.

Throughout the iterations in each piece of generative art, there are four distinct phases. These have been categorized as debris, droplets, defects, and demons.When each phase occurs is highly dependent on the variables described above.

The images begin as random noise, similar to static on a television. As iterations progress, critical droplets begin to form.

These droplets generate wave activity and begin to expand at a linear rate, overtaking the debris from the first stage.

Defects begin to form which cause the emergence of spiral structures. The spirals compete with one another for all available space.

As the iterations continue to progress, demons begin to develop. Demons are cycles of adjacent cells containing one of each cell state.

Each dGen Automaton is built based on one of 65 different potential color palettes. Each palette was hand-made because we believe that high-quality, carefully chosen palettes are necessary and bring out the best results in our generative art projects. In addition to the palettes below, there are 10 single use palettes randomly distributed in the collection.